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rhythm nation 1814 wiki

"Miss You Much" topped the chart for four weeks. [40] It was certified gold in May 1990. We are like-minded individuals, sharing a common vision, pushing toward a world rid of color-lines. [58] In November 1989, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified the album gold. Unknown [103] With her contractual obligations to A&M fulfilled in 1991, she signed with Virgin Records for an unprecedented multimillion-dollar deal, becoming the world's highest paid musician at the time. Jackson received the MTV Video Vanguard Award and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her significant contributions to popular culture. [10] Jam explained that "[t]he idea of putting 'Rhythm Nation', 'Living in the World' and 'The Knowledge' as the first three songs on the record really set the tone as to what the record was. [23][25] A&M co-founder Jerry Moss stated that the decision to film the composite videos all at once for Rhythm Nation 1814 regardless of budget was "a brilliant way to go" allotting Jackson more time to focus her attention elsewhere. [3] However, Jam later denied the claim that Scandal was ever suggested, although he confirmed there was encouragement to produce a "Control II. It also received gold certifications in Switzerland and Hong Kong. Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 is the fourth studio album by Janet Jackson, released on September 19, 1989 by A&M Records. Directed by Dominic Sena. "Livin' in a World (They Didn't Make)" is a song off Janet Jackson's fourth studio album Rhythm Nation 1814. Culture Wikia is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. "[48] Vince Aletti of Rolling Stone likened Jackson's themes to a politician, "abandoning the narrow 'I' for the universal 'we' and inviting us to do the same. Janet was presented with the MTV Video Vanguard Award in 1990 for significant contribution to the art form. Jackson's Rhythm Nation World Tour 1990 became the most successful debut tour in history and set a record for the fastest sell-out of Japan's Tokyo Dome. It has been cited as an influence in various musical trends, inspiring numerous artists. Due to its innovative production and lyrical exploration, critics have regarded the album as the pinnacle of Janet's artistic achievement. I wanted to do something that I really believed in and that I really felt strong about." The 30-minute Rhythm Nation 1814 film, a screenplay depicting two aspiring musicians whose lives are disrupted by substance abuse, aired on MTV to promote the album. [78] It was ranked the fifth most successful tour of 1990, making her the only female artist to place within the top ten. Proceeds from the tour were used to establish the Rhythm Nation Scholarship and fund other educational programs. A Rhythm Nation 1814 Janet Jackson amerikai énekesnő negyedik stúdióalbuma. CD single cover art. Script error: No such module "Track listing". Let's dance ...' and then go into 'Miss You Much', that was purposely done. The LP was produced primarily through use of synthesizers and drum machines. Eric Henderson of Slant Magazine declared the album a "masterpiece. Though officially credited to the production techniques of Teddy Riley, Ripani theorized Riley was influenced by Jackson's 1986 single "Nasty", which also features a distinctive triplet swing. "[101] In 1990, Jackson received MTV's Video Vanguard Award for her contributions to the art form. "[87] It made history as the only album to generate seven top-five hits on the Billboard Hot 100, surpassing Michael Jackson's Thriller (1982) and Bruce Springsteen's Born in the U.S.A. (1984), each having seven top ten hits. Regarding her diverse appeal among youth, he also stated: "Janet didn't have the vocal prowess of Whitney Houston, or the poetic subtlety of Kate Bush; she didn't have Annie Lennox's penchant for the avant-garde or Madonna's predilection for shock. [13], The sequencing of the record's track list was done strategically, starting with songs that lyrically depict societal injustices and ending with those that explore love, relationships and sexuality. [10] The trio co-authored six of the album's songs: "Rhythm Nation", "State of the World", "Alright", "Escapade", "Come Back to Me" and "Someday Is Tonight." [11] Dan Rubey observed that she presented herself as a role model for black women and as a creative intellect whose work advocated the advancement of black people. [10] Of its lyrical themes, Kate Kelly stated the album "reveals a social conscience speaking of getting an education, avoiding drugs, and feeding the homeless. Rhythm Nation 1814 was the pop album that defined this moment on the brink, one that reflected Jackson’s exposure to the rise of 24-hour news, which influenced the album in … [9] She also stated, "I'm not naive—I know an album or a song can't change the world. Janet also cited her mother, Katherine as her inspiration, dedicating the album to her on the album's interior booklet, stating: "I have never known a more beautiful, caring, loving, understanding, and intelligent woman than you, mother. [40] Billboard noted it likely would have been the album's eighth top five hit if a commercial product had been distributed. [52][53] The following year, Jackson received nominations for "Best Female Rock Vocal Performance" for "Black Cat," in addition to "Best Rhythm & Blues Song" and "Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female" for "Alright. [14] Musicologist Richard J. Ripani observed the album and title track showcased the variety of contemporary R&B styles, making "use of elements across the R&B spectrum, including use of a sample loop ["Rhythm Nation" samples "Thank You (Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin)" by Sly and the Family Stone], triplet swing, rapped vocal parts and blues notes (D naturals and G naturals). [66][67] She was assisted by a team of eleven musicians, five back-up singers, and six dancers. "[5] She was influenced by other musical acts such as Joni Mitchell, Bob Dylan, Tracy Chapman, and U2, although she felt their music appealed primarily to adults who were already invested in social change. [68] Jackson's total production and staging reportedly cost $2 million. I just want my music and my dance to catch the audience's attention, and to hold it long enough for them to listen to the lyrics and what we're saying. "[56], The album debuted at number twenty-eight on the Billboard 200 and eighty-seven on Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, eventually reaching the number one position on both charts. [38] With lead single "Miss You Much", along with "Escapade", "Black Cat" and the album's final single "Love Will Never Do (Without You)", it also yielded four number one hits. [65] Anthony Thomas served as the tour's main choreographer, while Chuckii Booker became its musical director and opening act. Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 is the 4th album by Janet Jackson. [6] Jam stated that her inspiration for the album's theme came primarily from watching CNN and other news sources. Despite demands from label executives for material similar to her previous album, "Control," Janet insisted on creating a concept album addressing social injustice. The music video for "Rhythm Nation" was directed by Dominic Sena, serving as the final inclusion in Jackson's long-form Rhythm Nation 1814 film. Although critics viewed the album's theme as transparent, too generalized to adequately address any of these issues, Janet was hailed as a role model for youth because of her socially conscious lyrics. Read more. Someday I hope to be exactly like you. A&M executive John McCain served as the album's executive producer. ", Robert Christgau wrote in his review for The Village Voice, "Her voice is as unequal to her vaguely admonitory politics as it was to her declaration of sexual availability, but the music is the message.". [42][43] "Love Will Never Do (Without You)" was released as the album's seventh and final commercial single. The chorus includes the line, "Cause I don't want my face to be / That poster child for being naive"; and Rhythm Nation's title is referred to as "an epiphany", with Jackson mentioning that "next time, I'll know better." With Janet Jackson, Joshua John Miller, Tyrin Turner, Terry Bixler. Although label executives wanted material similar to her previous album, Control (1986), Jackson insisted on creating a concept album addressing social issues. "[92] Additionally, "Black Cat" set a precedent for female pop stars segueing into glam metal. Script error: No such module "Track listing". It reached number one on January 19, 1991, topping the chart for one week. Best Choreography ("Rhythm Nation"), 音樂錄影帶先鋒獎: 1990å¹´ 葛萊美獎: Best Music Video, Long Form (Rhythm Nation 1814 Film) 1990å¹´ 滾石雜誌: Women In Rock: The 50 Essential Albums — #27 2002å¹´ 滾石雜誌 Women Who Rock: The 50 Greatest Albums of All Time — #26 2012å¹´ 滾石雜誌 And yet the record was somehow even more successful than Control, generating a then-record seven top 5 singles."[17]. While the video for "Black Cat" was taken from live footage of Jackson's concerts, those for "Escapade" and "Alright" utilized a Broadway-influenced production. Length Jackson came to be considered a role model for youth because of her socially conscious lyrics. It reached the top twenty-five of Sweden, as well as the top thirty in the Netherlands and Germany. The song, "You Need Me" was added to the B-side of the lead single, "Miss You Much. ", Vince Aletti of Rolling Stone likened Janet's themes to a politician, "abandoning the narrow 'I' for the universal 'we' and inviting us to do the same.". ", Producer Jimmy Jam recalled: "We would always have a TV turned on, usually to CNN ... And I think the social slant of songs like 'Rhythm Nation', 'State of the World' and 'The Knowledge' came from that." Contemporary reviews continue to find the album favorable. Noted for its use of sample loop and utilizing swing note and synthesized percussion throughout its production, the album encompasses a variety of musical styles, such as new jack swing, hard rock, pop, dance and industrial music. The photos were taken by GUZMAN. She co-produced the album with Jam and Lewis, while John McClain served as executive producer; the song "Black Cat" was produced by Jellybean Johnson. Described as "an elaborately choreographed spectacle," it aimed to recreate the award-winning, innovative music videos of Rhythm Nation 1814 and those of its predecessor, Control. It was written and produced by Jackson, in collaboration with Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis. [40] It was certified gold in June 1990. Janet was also nominated for "Producer of the Year, Non-Classical", becoming the first woman to be nominated for the award. In November of 1989, the RIAA certified the album gold, denoting 500,00 unit shipments within the United States. The Jacksons Wiki is a FANDOM Music Community. [93] Its impact also extends to indie and alternative rock music, with School of Seven Bells,[94] A Sunny Day in Glasgow,[95] and Alexis Krauss of Sleigh Bells citing the album as an influence in their work. "[17] He also stated that the safer marketing strategy for the project would have been "a beautiful colored picture of Janet on the cover" with Escapade as its title, starting the track listing with "Miss You Much", "Love Will Never Do (Without You)" and "Escapade", and ending it with "Livin' in a World (They Didn't Make)", "The Knowledge" and "Rhythm Nation" but noted that despite being the same collection of songs, the alternate sequencing and imagery would not have had the same impact. [24] The project had a budget of $1.6 million and was aired on MTV prior to the album's release. "[28] It is also noted that the success of the film is not only the final product, but in the commercial and social implications of its development. ", Janet was also inspired by reports of youth-based communities throughout New York City, which were formed as a means of creating a common identity. But none of these artists achieved the cross-racial impact (particularly on youth culture) of Janet. [59] It emerged the biggest-selling album of 1990. " Rhythm Nation 1814 " is the fourth studio album by American recording artist Janet Jackson, released on September 19, 1989, by A&M Records. In the song "Shoulda Known Better", she reflects on her optimistic wish that Rhythm Nation 1814 could have profoundly changed the world, noting that there are many, deeper issues to fix and that broad strokes aren't enough. In selecting an unknown street dancer, Anthony Thomas, to develop her choreography, "Janet Jackson secures a threefold achievement: she satisfies the dictates of the commercial pop music industry by creating a dance image which is significantly different from her earlier work; she demonstrates that, despite fame, she is still in touch with contemporary youth pop culture and its fashions; and finally, she [utilizes], not the dance traditions of Hollywood musical ... but the work of a young black man whose training is outside the institutions of Western theatre and clearly an Afro-American cultural expression of the late 1980s. [2] Dennis Hunt of Los Angeles Times called it "intriguing" and diverse, ranging from "social commentary to lusty, sensual tunes, from dance music to songs laced with jazz and Brazilian textures. The supporting Rhythm Nation 1814 World Tour became the world's most successful debut concert tour by a recording artist. "[16] Robert Christgau wrote in his review for The Village Voice, "Her voice is as unequal to her vaguely admonitory politics as it was to her declaration of sexual availability, but the music is the message. "[35] The music video is also regarded as the origin of what would later become Jackson's sexually overt persona, freely displaying her legs, torso and cleavage, as well as touching her own bare skin and Sabàto, Jr's in a sensual manner. Script error: No such module "Track listing". It also topped the ARIA Charts in Australia and peaked within the top ten positions of the album charts in Japan, New Zealand, and United Kingdom. ョン」と「エスカペイド」が本人出演のJALのCMに使用さ … [47] It reached number five on the Hot 100 Airplay (Radio Songs) chart. "[105] Music scholars John Shepherd and David Horn wrote that as a crossover artist on the pop and R&B charts, she emerged "the most dominant female performer of the 1980s" behind Whitney Houston. The album was released on September 19, 1989 on A&M Records. Label Although label executives wanted material similar to her previous album, Control (1986), Jackson insisted on creating a concept album addressing social issues. And none of them had an album like Rhythm Nation 1814. This is the photoshoot for Janet Jackson's fourth studio album Rhythm Nation 1814. ", Though referring to Janet's voice as "wafer-thin", Alex Henderson of AllMusic applauded her spirit and enthusiasm, praising the album's numerous "gems. It was released on January 8, 1990 and peaked within the top 20 in most countries in charted in, in addition to going number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and Hot Dance Club Songs charts in the United States. He commented that the Stockton massacre inspired the song "Living in a World (They Didn't Make)", explaining, "[i]t says that kids aren't responsible for what the adults have done. Certified six-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), it emerged the biggest-selling album of 1990 and has sold an estimated twelve million copies worldwide. "Rhythm Nation" é uma canção da cantora de música pop e rhythm and blues Janet Jackson lançada como o segundo single de seu quarto álbum de estúdio, Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814… It was recorded using a mixture of Rockman and Marshall amplifier to give the song a heavy metal sound. [42][43] The single version of "Alright" featuring additional vocals from rapper Heavy D peaked at number four on the Hot 100 and Hot Dance Club Songs, while reaching number two on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs. "Rhythm Nation" is the second single from Janet's fourth album "Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814." "[10] On the title track "Rhythm Nation", her vocals range from Bb3 to G5, climaxing within its middle eight. It also entered the top ten of Japan and New Zealand, where it was certified double platinum and gold. I wanted to do something that I really believed in and that I really felt strong about. The usage of the number "1814" represents the year the national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner" was written. The long-form "Rhythm Nation" music video won a Grammy Award. I'm going to lead the revolution!' The album received generally positive reviews with a mixed reaction to Jackson's social and political themes. [30], Five other music video were produced to promote the album's singles. It was written and produced by Jackson and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis.The song was released on January 8, 1990 by A&M Records as the third single from Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 (1989). 앨범은 미국에서만 600만장을 판매하며 6x플래티넘 인증을 받았고, 전세계적으로 1200만장을 판매했다. "[97], Jackson's handwritten lyrics to "Rhythm Nation" have been preserved by the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's "Women Who Rock" exhibit, which Kathryn Metz describes as "the perfect platform to talk about song structure" for the museum's "Women Who Rock: Songwriting and Point of View" course, in which students analyze music written by female songwriters. "[16] However, Pareles commended its musicality and vocals, stating "[t]he tone of the music is airless, sealing out imprecision and reveling in crisp, machine-generated rhythms; Ms. Jackson's piping voice, layered upon itself in punchy unisons or lavish harmonies, never cracks or falters. [79] It also solidified her reputation as a fashion icon, as fans imitated her "Rhythm Nation" outfit and regalia. Lyrics Edit. It topped the Billboard 200 for 4 consecutive weeks and sold 3 million copies within the first four months of the album's release. And then you look 25 years later and you go: 'OK, I should have known better. "[71] Chris Willman of Los Angeles Times remarked that Jackson's choreography "represents the pinnacle of what can be done in the popping 'n' locking style—a rapid-fire mixture of rigidly jerky and gracefully fluid movements. Katy Perry's Teenage Dream (2010)—to produce a minimum of four number ones. Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 is the 4th album by Janet Jackson. "[10][12] https://thejacksons.fandom.com/wiki/Janet_Jackson%27s_Rhythm_Nation_1814?oldid=4885, The Knowledge (3:54)-[written by James Harris III & Terry Lewis], Livin' a World (They Didn't Make) (4:41)-[written by James Harris III & Terry Lewis], Lonely (4:59)-[written by James Harris III & Terry Lewis], Someday is Tonight (6:00)-[written by Janet Jackson, James Harris III, & Terry Lewis], Interlude: Livin'...In Complete Darkness (1:07), David Barry – electric and 12-string guitar, Richard Frankel – art direction, cover design, Johnny Gill – percussion, special effects, finger snaps, Guzman (Constance Hansen & Russell Peacock) – photography, Steve Hodge – background vocals, engineer, Janet Jackson – arranger, keyboards, vocals, background vocals, producer, Jimmy Jam – percussion, piano, drums, keyboards, programming, producer, Jellybean Johnson – guitar, drums, vocals, background vocals, producer, Terry Lewis – bass, percussion, arranger, background vocals, producer, John McClain – background vocals, producer, Nicholas Raths – guitar, classical guitar. Released ", Henderson regarded it "an even higher artistic plateau" than her prior album, adding: "For those purchasing their first Janet Jackson release, Rhythm Nation would be an even wiser investment than Control—and that's saying a lot.". Template:Billboard Year-End number one albums 1990–2009 Recorded [61] As of 2014, it has been estimated to sell 12 million copies worldwide. Despite demands from label executives for material similar to her previous album, Control, she insisted on creating a concept album addressing social injustice. It became her second consecutive album to hit number one on the Billboard 200 and was certified sixfold platinum by the RIAA, selling over 14 million copies worldwide. Aletti complimented Janet's balance of "despair with optimism, anger with hope," incorporated within its theme of social progress. [11] Prior its recording, Jam and Lewis had begun to update their equipment for Flyte Tyme studios, experimenting with different types of drum machines and keyboards. Then to have the segue after that where she says, 'Get the point? [91] Its single for "Alright" featuring Heavy D made Jackson the first pop artist to team with a rapper, "setting the trend for future pop and hip-hop collaborations. Script error: No such module "Check for unknown parameters". The executives at A&M Records requested that Janet expand on the ideas presented on "Control" suggesting a concept album entitled "Scandal" that would've been about the Jackson family. [42][43] According to Radio & Records, "Miss You Much" was the biggest airplay hit of the year. She's reached far beyond dance music's fluffy image to unite even serious rockers and rappers who usually look the other way. It reached number one in Canada and Japanese airplay, and two in South Africa. Music videos for the singles, which displayed a mix of Broadway-style choreography and militant imagery gained heavy rotation on MTV. "[27] The film received positive reception. Unknown The "Rhythm Nation 1814 World Tour" is Janet's debut concert tour that was launched in support of her fourth album "Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814." [33] Similarly, "Love Will Never Do (Without You)" was a notable departure from the typically elaborate choreography associated with Jackson's other videos, focusing on her as an individual rather than as a part of a dancing troupe. Due to its innovative production and lyrical exploration, critics have come to regard it as the pinnacle of Jackson's artistic achievement. Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 (zjednoduÅ¡ene nazývaný aj Rhythm Nation 1814 alebo len Rhythm Nation) je Å¡tvrtý Å¡túdiový album (celkovo piaty) americkej R&B a popovej speváčky Janet Jacksonovej.Vydaný bol 18. septembra 1989 a stal sa najlepÅ¡ie predávaným albumom roku [1990] v USA Certification Table Entry usages for Australia, Certification Table Entry usages for Canada, Certification Table Entry usages for Hong Kong, Certification Table Entry usages for Japan, Certification Table Entry usages for New Zealand, Certification Table Entry usages for United Kingdom, Certification Table Entry usages for United States, Albums produced by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Recording Industry Association of America, Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist, Australian Recording Industry Association, Saturday Night Fever: The Original Movie Sound Track, Template:Billboard Year-End number one albums 1990–2009, https://culture.fandom.com/wiki/Janet_Jackson%27s_Rhythm_Nation_1814?oldid=6966, Favorite Dance Artist, Favorite Pop/Rock Female Artist, Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist, Favorite Dance Single ("Miss You Much"), Favorite R&B Single ("Miss You Much"), Top Hot 100 Singles Artist of the Year, Top Selling Album of the Year, Top Selling R&B Album of the Year, Top Selling R&B Albums Artist of the Year, Top Selling R&B Artist of the Year, Top Dance Club Play Artist of the Year, Top Hot Dance 12" Singles Sales Artist of the Year, Best Female Video Artist, Black/Rap, Best Female Artist, Dance, Director's Award, Black/Rap (, "Women Who Rock: The 50 Greatest Albums of All Time" — #26, The 100 Best Albums of the Past 25 Years — #54, "The 300 Best Albums of the Past 30 Years (1985–2014)" — #54. Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 Wikipedia article Album by Janet Jackson. The following year, Janet received nominations for "Best Female Rock Vocal Performance" for "Black Cat," in addition to "Best Rhythm & Blues Song" and "Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female" for "Alright.". [41] It reached number one in Canada and Japanese airplay, four in South Africa, ten in Sweden and Belgium, thirteen in the Netherlands, seventeen in the United Kingdom, and twenty-three in Germany. [13], Internationally, the album reached number one in Australia, where it was certified double platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), and South Africa. It portrays rapid choreography within a "post-apocalyptic" warehouse setting, with Jackson and her dancers adorned in unisex military attire. The second, Janet explained, is that "[w]hile writing [Rhythm Nation] I was kidding around, saying, 'God, you guys, I feel like this could be the national anthem for the '90s' ... Just by a crazy chance we decided to look up when Francis Scott Key wrote the national anthem, and it was September 14, 1814.". [38][88] It is also the only album to achieve number one hits in three separate calendar years, with "Miss You Much" in 1989, "Escapade" and "Black Cat" in 1990, and "Love Will Never Do (Without You)" in 1991. Rhythm Nation 1814, é o quarto álbum de estúdio da cantora americana Janet Jackson, lançado dia 19 de setembro de 1989 pela A&M Records.Embora os executivos da gravadora desejassem que o novo trabalho de Janet, fosse similar ao seu álbum anterior, Control(1986), Jackson insistiu na criação de um álbum conceitual que abordasse questões sociais. Script error: No such module "Track listing". [86] Timothy E. Scheurer, author of Born in the USA: The Myth of America in Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present (2007), wrote that the album "may remind some of Sly Stone prior to There's a Riot Going On and other African-American artists of the 1970s in its tacit assumption that the world imagined by Dr. King is still possible, that the American Dream is a dream for all people. "[4] Jackson opposed the idea of a direct sequel to Control, stating "that's what I didn't want to do. Reviewed in the United States on July 27, 2014. She's reached far beyond dance music's fluffy image to unite even serious rockers and rappers who usually look the other way. Helpful. The songs range from mechanized dance rhythms to soft balladry, giving it appeal across multiple radio formats. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. [3], Jackson's primary goal for the record was to reach a younger audience who may have been unaware of what it means to be socially conscious individuals. ", In his review for The Boston Globe, Steve Morse compared its success to that of Aerosmith and Billy Joel, declaring it "a dance record with a ruthlessly frank social conscience that addresses drugs, homelessness, illiteracy and teen runaways. We are like-minded individuals, sharing a common vision, pushing toward a world rid of color-lines" and her creed, "Music, Poetry, Dance, Unity. It is the only album in the history of the US Billboard Hot 100 singles chart to have seven commercial singles peak within the top five positions. [69] In addition to Jackson's choreography, the tour was reported to portray "dazzling lighting effects and pyrotechnics," as well as illusionary magic, in which Jackson was transformed into a leopard on stage.[70]. Jackson performing the album's lead single "Miss You Much" during her 2008 Rock Witchu Tour. " Rhythm Nation " is the second single from Janet Jackson's 1989 album, Rhythm Nation 1814. They fill arenas to enjoy a spectacle like what they saw on television—the dancing ... the stage effects and incidentally the songs. Jefferson Graham in USA Today commented that "she dances up a storm in the moody black-and-white video's three songs ... and plays the role of a mystical figure to young kids. Rhythm Nation This song is by Janet Jackson and appears on the album Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 (1989) and on the Greatest hits album Design of a Decade 1986/1996 (1995). The single LP version does not list the interludes as separate tracks, they are instead contained in the proceeding track. "[8] Several critics noted that "R" (Rhythm) and "N" (Nation) are the eighteenth and fourteenth letters of the alphabet, though Jackson said this was coincidental. It was launched in support of her fourth studio album Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 (1989), and also contained material from her third studio album Control (1986). [62] The Rhythm Nation 1814 video compilation and its reissue were each certified double platinum, selling over four million copies worldwide. *sales figures based on certification alone^shipments figures based on certification alone. [59] It was certified double platinum by the end of the year and ultimately certified sixfold platinum by the RIAA. It proved Janet to be a consummate performer rather than a studio-only phenomenon as well as a fashion icon among young women. "[82] Over $450,000.00 in proceeds from the tour's Madison Square Garden show were used to establish the Rhythm Nation scholarship program.

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